Wednesday, November 7, 2012


When the British left India in 1947,the 500 odd Princely States were given the option of either joining India or Pakistan, or remaining independent. The Sardar had long been regarded as the Congress expert on the States problem and in the thirties, he had lead many a struggle against feudal autocracy in Kathiawar and elsewhere. On his shoulder fell the task of integrating and democratizing those states which were lying within the territory of the Indian Union. The successful way in which the Sardar handled this problem to the satisfaction of the Princes,their subjects and the people of India belied the expectations of those sceptics who had predicted that the States will prove the stumbling block in the way of a stable Government in India, and earned the Sardar the title, "the Bismarck of India".

“It is the lesson of history that it was owing to her politically fragmented condition and our inability to make a united stand that India succumbed to successive waves of invaders. Our mutual conflicts, and internecine quarrels and jealousies have in the past been the cause of our downfall and our falling victims to foreign domination a number of times. We cannot afford to fall into those errors or traps again. We are on the threshold of independence. It is true that we have not been able to preserve the unity of the country entirely unimpaired in the final stage. To the bitter disappointment and sorrow of many of us some parts have chosen to go out of India and to set up their own Government. But there can be no question that despite this separation, a fundamental homogeneity of culture and sentiment reinforced by the compulsive logic of mutual interests would continue to govern us. Much more would this be the case with that vast majority of States which, owing to their geographical contiguity and indissoluble ties, economic, cultural and political, must continue to maintain relations of mutual friendship and co-operation with the rest of India. The safety and preservation of these States as well as of India demand unity and mutual co-operation between its different parts.

When the British established their rule in India they evolved the doctrine of Paramountcy which established the supremacy of British interests. That doctrine, has remained undefined to this day, but in its exercise there has undoubtedly been more subordination than co-operation Outside the field of Paramountcy there has been a very wide scope in which relations between British India and the States have been regulated by enlightened mutual interests. Now that British rule is ending, the demand has been made that the States should regain their independence. In so far as Paramountcy embodied the submission of States to foreign will. I have every sympathy with this demand, but I do not think it can be their desire to utilise this freedom from domination in a manner which is injurious to the common interest of India or which militates against the ultimate Paramountcy of popular interests and welfare or which might result in the abandonment of that mutually useful relationship that has developed between British India and Indian States during the last century. The States have already accepted the basic principle that for Defence, Foreign Affairs and Communcations, they would come into the Indian Union. We ask no more of them than accession on these three subjects in which the common interests of the country are involved. In other matters we would scrupulously respect their autonomous existence.

This country with its institutions is the proud heritage of the people who inhabit it. It is an accident that some live  in the States and some in British India, but all alike partake of its culture and character. We are all knit together by bonds of blood and feeling no less than of self-interest. None can segregate us into segments; no impassable barriers can be set up between us. I suggest that it is therefore better for us to make laws sitting together as friends than to make treaties as aliens. I invite my friends the Rulers of States and their people, to the Councils of the Constituent Assembly in this spirit of friendliness and co-operation in a joint endeavour, inspired by common allegiance to our motherland for the common good of us all.

There appears a great deal of misunderstanding about the attitude of the Congress towards the States. I should like to make it clear that it is not the desire of the Congress to interfere in any manner whatever with the domestic affairs of the States. They are no enemies of the Princely Order, but, on the other hand, wish them and their people under this aegis all prosperity, contentment and happiness. Nor would it be my policy to conduct the relations with the States in any manner which savours of the domination of one over the other; if there would be any domination, it would be that of our mutual interests and welfare. We have no ulterior motive or selfish interests to serve. ' Our common objective should be to understand each other's point of view and come to decisions acceptable to all and in the best interests of the country.

We are at a momentous stage in the history of India. By common endeavour we can raise the country to a new greatness while lack of unity will expose us to fresh calamities. I hope the Indian States will bear in mind that the alternative to co-operation in the general interest is anarchy and chaos which will overwhelm great and small in a common ruin if we are unable to act together in the minimum of common tasks. Let not the future generation curse us for having had the opportunity but failed to turn it to our mutual advantage. Instead, let it be our
proud privilege to leave a legacy of mutually beneficial relationship which would raise this Sacred Land to its proper place amongst the nations of the world and turn it into an abode of peace and prosperity”.

Thursday, July 29, 2010


27th july 2010
Meteriods / Astriods may be Life savers or takers. As we all know the destroyed dinosurs on Earth. This distructive power will wipe out the surface of planets by its impact. It generates 100`s and 1000's of Mega WATTS of energy making life (including microscopic living beings) on planets impossible to survive. But this phenomenon also generates Life on a planet. Here is a theory, upon impact, the massive energy melts the icey layer trapped inside the crust of the planet (like in MARS) and liberates H2O which inturn gives O2 to inhabit life. It is just like Electric shock that can take life or generates pulse in heart to give life. Meteriods may not necessarly be for extinction.

Common Sense Power!

All computer languages have the control structures, commonly knowns as IF... ELSE ... ELSEIF(eg.C programming). This decision contol structure give the POWER of COMMON SENSE to Computers. The control structures gives the programmer to have a control on computer and make the tasks easy for computers to decide what to do in case of decision making. DECISIONS AND COMMON SENSE have lot in COMMON!!!!!!.

Wednesday, July 28, 2010


Jan 26th 2010.
A person as a soldier in military has different variants in is personal attributes. The shades and colours in his personality is shown through his SOWRD, musical INSTRUMENT, UNIFORM, DISCIPLANE, DIGNITY, PATRIOTISAM and BRAVE HEART to sheild his motherland.

Monday, May 24, 2010

MAN, MACHINE and DESTINY = Speed Record till date.

Motorcycle Indian Scout (1920 A.D) with Engine no. 5OR627 entered in to motorcycle History records with almost unexpectedly, and the History maker is Herbert James 'Burt' Munro (25 March 1899 – 6 January 1978), (Bert in his youth) was a New Zealand motorcycle racer. Both together on historic day 26 August 1967 at Bonneville are famous till to-day for setting an under-1000cc world record 206 mph(i.e 331 kmh), Munro was 68 and was riding a 47-year old machine when he set his record.

The following are his records.

• In 1962 he set a world record of 288 km/h (178.97 mph) with his engine bored out to 850 cc (51 in³).

• In 1966 he set a world record of 270.476 km/h (168.066 mph).

• In 1967 his engine was bored out to 950 cc (58 in³) and he set a class record of 295.44 km/h (183.59 mph). To qualify he made a one-way run of 305.89 km/h (190.07 mph), the fastest-ever officially-recorded speed on an Indian.The unofficial speed record (officially timed) is 331 km/h (205.67 mph) for a flying mile.

• In 2006 he was inducted into the AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame.

At Invercargill, New Zealand in 1899 when Burt was born doctors told that he lives only for two years, because his twin sister died at birth. Doctors never knew his destiny took him to the speed records in motorcycle history.He had cadiac and health problems when he made the records.
Munro bought the Indian Scout in 1920. He worked 25 years to modify his motorcycle capable for high speeds. During day he worked as machanic and a motorcycle sales man and in the nights he would work on his Indian Scout.
Physics of motorcycling blended in him so well that he could make an incredible Engine out of scrap. His methods, to say the least, were unorthodox. He used an old spoke for a micrometer and cast parts in old American report has him casting pistons in holes in the sand at the local beach! He built his own four-cam design to replace the standard two-cam system and converted to overhead valves. He made his own barrels, flywheels, pistons, cams and followers and lubrication system. In their final form he in effect hand-carved his con-rods from a Caterpillar tractor axle, and hardened and tempered them to 143 tons tensile strength. He built a seventeen plate, thousand pound pressure clutch and used a triple chain drive. He experimented with streamlining and, in its final form, the bike was completely enclosed in a streamlined shell.The leaf-sprung fork was dispensed with and what appears to be a girder fork.

With mimimul income to survive his humble attitude, determination, love for Indian motercycles and unbreakable speed records he died at the age of 57 years.

"Some people are born to make History, so they called as LEGENDS."

Article and photos courtesy of Dave Blackwell, member of the New Zealand Racing 'Team Indian' , founder of IORNZ (Indian Owners Register of New Zealand).

Burt Munro, 1899-1978 - A New Zealand Motorcycling Legend, Part One

Burt Munro, 1899-1978 - A New Zealand Motorcycling Legend, Part Two